Expert knowledge - Traditional Taiwanese planes
The type of plane that we refer to by the Japanese name »Kanna« was not initially developed by the Japanese, but by the Chinese. The plane was introduced to Japan by Chinese traders probably in the same century (around 1450) as it was to Taiwan. The original Chinese plane was conceived for a standing working position and did not work on the pull stroke, but rather on the push stroke by means of a cross-handle. The Japanese improved the plane over the years to suit the Japanese seated working method. In China, the pulling method without a cross handle was adopted, which was also subsequently introduced by the Japanese. The original Chinese plane is nowadays a hybrid suited for the Japanese pull stroke working method, mostly without a cross handle and equipped with modern HSS blades, which were introduced around 1950.
Despite the strong Japanese influence, which is also evident in modern Taiwanese culture, work attitude and much more, the country boasts a rich tradition. In Taiwan, there are still many indigenous tribes who have always had a diverse culture, especially in boat building (due to their island location) and the art of carving. The city of Sanyi was already known far beyond Taiwan’s borders around 1900 for its excellent woodcarvings in the Asian style. Temple building (similar to that in Japan) also continues to be a great tradition today.